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8 Parts of Speech in English and its Types with Examples

8 Parts of Speech in English and its Types with Examples
8 Parts of Speech in English and its Types with Examples

Parts of speech, also known as “word classes,” are important to understand and recognize to understand and construct different kinds of sentences in the English language. These indicate how to adjust a word with respect to meaning or grammar in a sentence. A single word can behave as more than one part of speech concerning the sense of a sentence.

8-Types of parts of speech

 

1-Noun

Indicate the names of places, persons, and things, either living or nonliving

Sometimes nouns start with an article, and sometimes not. A noun may be common or proper, singular or plural.

Examples:

Ahmad, Hospital, book, dog, etc.

Ali is a good boy.

2-Pronoun:

Used in place of a noun or it acts as a substitute for a noun

It is used as an alternative to nouns, sometimes just because the repetition of nouns doesn’t seem good.

Example:

He, she, it, they, we, myself, themselves, his, who, someone, etc.

Ahmad is very active. He does exercise daily.

3-Verb:

Indicate any action or work

The verbs can be main verbs or helping verbs. It’s very important to understand how to use a verb with respect to a noun or subject.

Examples:

Play, read, harvest, sleep, treat, etc.

Ali is studying. He can understand his subject easily.

“Studying” is the main verb, and “can” is the helping verb.

4-Adjective:

Describe or modifies a noun or pronoun

It’s used to indicate how good or bad something is. It shows the characteristics of a person or something.

Examples:

Good, calm, bad, nasty, attractive, calm, rough, etc.

She is a beautiful lady with a kind heart.

5-Adverb:

Modifies or describes verbs, adjectives, and adverbs

Instead of modifying a noun, an adverb modifies or describes a verb, adjective, and adverb.

Some adverbs end with ly, and some without ly.

Example:

The baby is extremely cute.

Extremely, nicely, simply, well, very, badly, etc.

6-Prepositions:

Connect the noun with another part of the sentence

Prepositions are used to relate one part of a sentence with the other, and these are followed mainly by nouns. Prepositions can consist of just one word or up to four words.

Example: The cat is under the table.

If, on, in, at, off, up, upon, as far as, afterward, etc.

7-Conjunction:

Connect words, phrases, or sentences

If you want to relate the ideas, sentences, or different clauses, you’ll need conjunctions.

Examples:

I love to study, but only a little.

But, and, if, because, although, therefore, etc.

8-Interjection:

Used to represent emotions and expression

We use interjection while expressing any emotion and relating it to a sentence.

Examples: Wow! You did this.

Oh, Wow, ouch, well, oops, etc.

9-Article/determiner

Just like adjective, article and determiners are used to modify the nouns.

Articles: A, an, and the.

Example: This is an Apple.

Determiner: These, that, those, this, enough, few, etc.

Example: This food is enough.

8 Parts of Speech in English and its Types with Examples

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Noun and its Types with Examples in English

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