English Grammar

100+ Spelling Rules in Grammar with Examples

100+ Spelling Rules in Grammar with Examples. Spelling Rules in Grammar
Written by iLmrary

These words play an important role in helping us correctly write words. Whether you’re extremely good with words or just starting to be good at them, Knowing these rules will make writing much easier. The English Language has so many words that are not pronounced the way they are spelled. You would find a lot of such words that have similar sounds but are used having different spellings. You might have to memorize the whole dictionary if you don’t learn all about spelling rules. To learn more about Spelling Rules. You need to go Through the below article.

100+ Spelling Rules in Grammar with Examples

Spelling Rules

Spelling Rules in English

Rule Example Explanation
“ie” Exceptions science, weird Exceptions to the “i before e” rule
Words Ending in “-ly” quickly Adverbs formed by adding “-ly” to adjectives
“ful” and “less” Suffixes joyful, fearless Use “-ful” for fullness or qualities, “-less” for without
Prefix “Pre-“ preview, prehistoric “Pre-” means before. the word is added at the beginning
Words Ending in “-tion” and “-sion” information, discussion Such words have been derived a lot from Latin
“Qu” Digraph quick, quiet It represents /kw/ sound
Consonant + “le” at the End of Words middle, simple Final “e” usually pronounced as schwa
Words Ending in “-ous” courageous, delicious Adjectives mean characterized by or full of
Prefix “Sub-“ submarine, submerge “Sub-” means under or below
Words Ending in “-ph” or “-gh” graph, laugh These two words have unique pronunciation patterns
Words Ending in “-dge” bridge Represents /j/ sound after short vowel
“ce” and “se” Endings space, prize “ce” for /s/, “se” for /z/
Prefix “Ex-“ exit, ex-president “Ex-” means out of or former
Words Ending in “-ive” creative, active Adjectives describing quality or nature
Words Ending in “-er” and “-est” for One-Syllable Adjectives taller, tallest These words are used in Comparative and superlative forms
“A” and “An” Usage a cat, an hour Use “a” before consonant sound, “an” before vowel sound
Words Ending in “-tion” with a Silent “T” nation, motion Silent “t” in some words
Prefix “Re-“ return, review “Re-” means again or back
Words Ending in “-cian” and “-sion” musician, decision “-cian” denotes a person, “-sion” a state
Words Ending in “-ible” and “-able” changeable, visible Dropping final “e” rule
“Ei” and “Ie” Spelling neighbor, weigh “I” before “e” except after “c”
Words Ending in “-ed” jumped, played Regular past tense verbs
Prefix “En-“ enrich, enlarge “En-” means to cause to be in a state
Words with Silent “H” honest, hour Silent “h” in some words
Words with Silent “G” gnaw, gnome Silent “g” in some words
“Able” and “Ible” Endings likable, audible Dropping final “e” rule
“C” and “K” Spelling Rules ice, oak “C” before “e,” “i,” or “y”; “K” otherwise
“Ious” and “Uous” Endings curious, continuous Adjectives describing quality or state
Words Ending in “-ly” friendly, quickly Adjectives describing how something is done
“Gh” Pronunciation enough, ghost These words have vary pronunciation.
“Ough” Pronunciation enough, through, though These words have Multiple pronunciations
Prefix “Out-“ outgrow, outlook “Out-” means outside or beyond
“Ate” and “It” Endings celebrate, activist “-ate” for action/state, “-ite” for person
Words Ending in “-phobia” arachnophobia These words sued to describe the Fear of something
Words with Silent “W” wrestle, wrist Silent “w” in some words
Prefix “Over-“ overachieve, overeat “Over-” means above or too much
Words Ending in “-ough” cough, tough These words have unique pronunciations
Words with Silent “K” knight, knee Silent “k” in some words
“Able” and “Ible” Exceptions responsible, visible Such words have unique patterns
“E” and “I” in Compound Words believe “I” before “e” in compounds
Words Ending in “-yze” analyze It is used to Indicate process or action
Prefix “Under-“ underwater, underestimate “Under-” means beneath or below
Words Ending in “-cial” and “-tial” beneficial, essential These words used to describe a quality
“U” and “V” Spelling queue “U” after “q” and before “e”; “V” otherwise
Words Ending in “-ary” and “-ery” library, bakery “-ary” for place/related to, “-ery” for collection/place
Words Ending in “-hood” and “-ship” childhood, friendship “-hood” for state of being, “-ship” for state/condition
Prefix “Anti-“ anti-inflammatory “Anti-” means against or opposite
“Ous” and “Us” Endings spacious, curious Adjectives describe quality, “-us” indicates a state
Prefix “Bi-“ bicycle, bilingual “Bi-” means two or double
Words Ending in “-ly” and “-le” quickly, gentle Adverbs end in “-ly,” adjectives end in “-le”
“E” and “A” Pronunciation bread, great The pronunciation of “e” and “a” may change in words
Words Ending in “-dge” and “-ge” fudge, page “-dge” after short vowel, “-ge” after long vowel
“S” and “C” Pronunciation cent, city These words have vary pronunciation.
Prefix “Trans-“ transport, transform “Trans-” means across or beyond
Words Ending in “-er” with a Long “E” Sound teacher It has a long “e” sound
Words Ending in “-or” and “-er” actor, teacher “-or” for doer/agent, “-er” for person/thing associated with action
Words with Silent “L” palm, salmon Silent “l” in some words
Prefix “Co-“ cooperate, coordinate “Co-” means together or with
Double Consonant Exceptions visit – visiting Some words don’t double final consonant before adding suffix

Change of Spelling in the Plural Form

if you want to change a singular noun into plural noun, it also requires to change the spellings in most of the situations. You would find hardly lesser nouns which need to change their spelling when they are used in plural form. in order to change a noun into plural form, we just need to add “S” letter at the end. There are also some nouns which require “ES”. if you want to understand them more effectively, you just need to read the below mentioned rules.

Singular Ending Plural Ending Example
-s -es box – boxes
-ch -es church – churches
-sh -es brush – brushes
-x -es fox – foxes
-z -es quiz – quizzes
-o -es potato – potatoes
-f -ves leaf – leaves
-fe -ves knife – knives
-y (after consonant) -ies city – cities
-us -i cactus – cacti
-is -es diagnosis – diagnoses
-on -a phenomenon – phenomena
-um -a datum – data
-is -es crisis – crises

Change of Spelling with Change of Tense

it is referred  to changing  the spelling of a verb when moving from one Tense to another Tense. Remember that Change in tense happens with the helping verbs while the change in the spelling takes place due to spelling. For example, adding “-ed” to form the past tense (e.g., walk becomes walked). It’s really important to understand about verb conjugation and describing actions in different times correctly.

Verb Present Participle Past Participle
walk walking walked
talk talking talked
play playing played
sing singing sung
jump jumping jumped
eat eating eaten
write writing written
swim swimming swum
drink drinking drunk
run running run


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