English Grammar

Relative Pronouns: Definition and Examples

Relative Pronouns Definition and Examples
Written by Kashish Zahra
Relative pronouns are words that are used to connect parts of a sentence and give more information about a noun. They help us to make sentences longer and more detailed without starting a new sentence. Using relative pronouns can make our writing clearer and more interesting by adding important details about the nouns we mention.
Relative Pronouns Definition and Examples

Relative Pronouns Definition and Examples

Relative Pronouns Definition:

Relative pronouns are words that are used to introduce relative clauses and connect them to the main clause in a sentence. They mostly refer to nouns mentioned previously and provide additional information about them.

  • The author who wrote that book is famous.
  • She is the person whom I admire the most.
  • The car which I bought is red.
  • The book that you lent me was fascinating.

How to use Relative Pronouns?

To use relative pronouns correctly involves understanding their function in sentences and how they connect relative clauses to main clauses. Here’s a guide on how to use each relative pronoun:

♦ Who:
The word Who refers to people and acts as the subject of the relative clause.

  • The woman who lives next door is a doctor.
  • The teacher who helped me was very kind.

♦ Whom:
Whom is used to indicate people and acts as the object of the relative clause. It’s more formal and often used in writing.

  • The person whom you called is my friend.
  • The author whom we invited to speak has arrived.

♦ Whose:
This Indicates possession and can also be refer to people, animals, or things.

    • The artist whose painting was sold for millions is very famous.
    • The dog whose owner is away keeps barking.

♦ Which

This one refers to animals and things and can act as the subject or object of the relative clause

    • The book which you lent me is fascinating.
    • The car which is parked outside belongs to John.

♦ That:
This is used to indicate people, animals, or things and can act as the subject or object of the relative clause. It is often used in defining (restrictive) relative clauses.

    • The movie that we watched last night was amazing.
    • The cake that she baked is delicious.

By understanding these rules and practicing with various sentences, you can easily use relative pronouns to add more clarity and detail to your writing.

Relative vs Interrogative Pronouns:

Relative pronouns and interrogative pronouns may look similar, but their roles are very different. Relative pronouns link clauses and help us to provide extra information, while interrogative pronouns initiate questions. Identifying their functions can help in making the sentences accurate and understanding their usage in different contexts.

Relative Pronouns Examples:

  • The girl who sings is my sister.
  • The car which broke down is mine.
  • The boy whose dog ran away is crying.
  • The book that you gave me is interesting.
  • The teacher whom we like is leaving.
  • The house which is blue is ours.
  • The man who called is my uncle.

You May Also Like this

About the author

Kashish Zahra

Kashish Zahra is a dedicated freelance writer and blogger who has been crafting insightful content for English learners for the past three years. Currently pursuing her Bachelor of Science in Computer Science from Islamia University Bahawalpur, she combines her technical expertise with a passion for language learning. Kashish's blog posts are designed to make learning English engaging and accessible, drawing from her academic background and unique perspective. Her articles offer practical tips and effective strategies to support learners at all levels, helping them grasp complex concepts with ease and achieve their language goals.

Leave a Comment