in

Comparative Adjectives Definition, Formation with Examples

Comparative and Superlative Adjectives with Examples
Comparative and Superlative Adjectives with Examples

Comparative adjectives help us compare things. They show how one thing is different or similar to another. Comparative adjectives Example Include, we can say “The elephant is bigger than the mouse.” Here, “bigger” is a comparative adjective. It tells us that the elephant has more size than the mouse. Comparative adjectives make it easier to understand the differences between things in grammar. They help us describe things better. So, if you want to talk about how one thing is more or less than another thing, you can use comparative adjectives to do that!

Comparative and Superlative Adjectives with Examples
Comparative and Superlative Adjectives with Examples

What are Comparative Adjectives?

Comparative adjectives are a type of adjectives used to compare two or more things, people, or groups. They are used to indicate which of the compared items has a higher or lower degree of the quality described by the adjective. Comparative adjectives are often formed by adding “-er” to the end of the adjective (for short adjectives) or by using “more” before the adjective (for longer adjectives).

Examples:

  1. Short adjective with “-er”:
    • fast → faster
    • tall → taller
    • strong → stronger
  2. Long adjective with “more”:
    • interesting → more interesting
    • beautiful → more beautiful
    • expensive → more expensive

Example In Sentences:

  • She is taller than her sister.
  • This book is more interesting than that one.
  • The red car is faster than the blue one.

Comparative Adjectives Formation:

These are used to compare two things, people, or groups. They are formed differently depending on the length and characteristics of the adjective. Here’s how comparative adjectives are formed:

Short Adjectives (one or two syllables):

  • Add “-er” to the end of the adjective.
    Example:

    • Fast → Faster
    • Tall → Taller
    • Big → Bigger

Short Adjectives Ending in “e”:

  • Add “-r” to the end of the adjective.
    Example:

    • Large → Larger
    • Nice → Nicer

Consonant-Vowel-Consonant (CVC):

  • Double the final consonant and add “-er”.
    Example:

    • Big → Bigger
    • Hot → Hotter
    • Fat → Fatter

Two Syllables Ending in “y”:

  • Change the “y” to “i” and add “-er”.
    Example:

    • Happy → Happier
    • Pretty → Prettier

Long Adjectives (more than two syllables):

  • Use “more” before the adjective.
    Example:

    • Beautiful → More beautiful
    • Interesting → More interesting

Irregular Comparative Adjectives:

  • Some adjectives have irregular comparative forms.
    Example:

    • Good → Better
    • Bad → Worse
    • Far → Farther/Further

List of Comparative Adjectives:

Base Adjective Comparative Form
Big Bigger
Small Smaller
Tall Taller
Short Shorter
Fast Faster
Slow Slower
High Higher
Low Lower
Strong Stronger
Weak Weaker
Hot Hotter
Cold Colder
Bright Brighter
Dark Darker
Long Longer
Fat Fatter
Thin Thinner
Rich Richer
Poor Poorer

Comparative Adjective Examples:

  • She is taller than her sister.
  • The blue car is faster than the red one.
  • This cake is sweeter than that one.
  • His house is larger than mine.
  • The movie was more interesting than I expected.
  • Sarah’s cat is smaller than Tom’s dog.
  • This laptop is cheaper than the one I saw online.
  • The new restaurant is busier than the old one.
  • The winter in Canada is colder than in California.
  • My job is more challenging than yours.

Comparative Adjective Exercise:

1. Which sentence correctly uses a comparative adjective?
a) She runs quick.
b) He is more taller than his brother.
c) This flower is more beautiful.
d) It’s more hotter today.
2. Choose the correct comparative form of the adjective “good”:
a) Better
b) Gooder
c) Goodest
d) Gooderer
3. Which comparative form of the adjective “far” is grammatically correct?
a) More far
b) Farest
c) Farther
d) Farder
4. In the sentence “My house is _____ than yours,” which word correctly fills in the blank?
a) Tallest
b) More tall
c) Taller
d) Most tall
5. What is the comparative form of the adjective “beautiful”?
a) Beautifuler
b) More beautiful
c) Beautifullest
d) Beauty

Answers:

  1. c) This flower is more beautiful.
  2. a) Better
  3. c) Farther
  4. c) Taller
  5. b) More beautiful

You May Also Like this

Order Of Adjectives, Usage with Examples in English

Order Of Adjectives, Usage with Examples in English

Adverbs of Frequency Definition, Types with Examples

Adverbs of Frequency Definition, Types with Examples