English Grammar

Adjective Definition and All Types with Examples

Adjective Definition and All Types with Examples
Written by Muhammad Waqas

This article helps you learn adjectives and their types with easy examples, which will be helpful for learning English. Adjective types have been explained with many examples so that learners can easily understand them. Learning adjective types with examples is essential to clear your concepts about adjectives. Learn adjective types to improve your English.

What is an Adjective?

Adjectives are words that are used to describe or modify a noun or pronoun in a sentence. Let’s make it clearer with some examples.

  • She lives in a beautiful house. (In this sentence, the word “beautiful” is an adjective that modifies the noun “house” and describes its quality.)
  • The shop is much nicer. (Here, “nicer” is an adjective that describes and modifies the noun “shop” and its quality.)

The primary function of adjectives is to describe qualities, sizes, shapes, feelings, and durations. They provide relevant information about nouns and pronouns, answering questions like why, what, when, how, and who. Adjectives can bring perfection and originality to writing if used correctly and effectively.

Examples

  • The zoo has a dangerous animal. (What kind?)
  • She has five chocolates in her pockets. (How many?)
  • He just loves that blue bike. (Which one?)
  • We earn more money than she does. (How much?)

There are also some other types of adjectives that are not suitable for these questions. Adjectives have significant importance in parts of speech. Now, let’s discuss some other kinds of adjectives as per their uses.

Degrees of Adjectives

Comparative Adjectives

Comparative degree is mainly used to compare two different things. If we want to show a comparison between two elements, we use the comparative degree.

  • She is feeling happier after getting admission.
  • Asim is a better player than my friend.

In order to show that something depends on the other, we use “the” with comparative adjectives.

  • The faster she drives, the more dangerous it is.
  • The more you sleep, the better you work in the office.

Superlative Adjectives

In this adjective, we compare different subjects together.

  • She is the most intelligent of all the girls in her class.

Types of Adjectives

Proper Adjectives

Proper adjectives show something specific or polite. Proper nouns or pronouns become proper adjectives when they modify or describe other nouns or pronouns.

  • Chinese vehicles are very beautiful and strong.
  • Pakistani people are very hardworking.
  • She loves it a lot KFC burger.

Descriptive Adjectives

Descriptive adjectives provide information or describe the quality of pronouns and nouns they modify. These words are also called qualitative adjectives.

  • She saw a flying hawk.
  • They are very hungry. (The word “hungry” gives information about the subject “they”.)
  • The thirsty dog is barking loudly.

Quantitative Adjectives

Quantitative adjectives describe the particular quantity of nouns and pronouns. They answer questions like “How much” and “How many”.

  • She has 30 books in her library. (How many?)
  • They have done the complete assignment. (How much?)
  • We have ten kids in our family. (How many?)

Indefinite Adjectives

Indefinite adjectives describe nouns and pronouns in an unspecific manner. They do not show the exact number of things. Common indefinite adjectives are each, every, any, many, much, few, most, several, and nobody.

  • She distributed some candies among the kids.
  • I gave him a few chocolates.
  • Nobody attended the meeting today in the office.

Compound Adjectives

A compound adjective is a single adjective made up of two words joined together by hyphens to show it as a single adjective.

  • I want to receive a 6-pages document.
  • She is working part-time in the office.
  • Ali is my friend because he is a cool-blooded person.

Demonstrative Adjectives

Demonstrative adjectives refer to something or someone in a special way, expressing their positions. Common demonstrative adjectives are that, these, those, and this.

  • That red car is mine.
  • This table is badly broken.
  • This is my bed.
  • That is Asim’s house.
  • Those birds are flying in the sky.

Possessive Adjectives

Possessive adjectives describe ownership, showing possession of something to a particular person. Common possessive adjectives are my, your, his, her, its, our, and their.

  • She was searching for his dog.
  • Hey! That is my house.
  • This is their farmhouse.

Interrogative Adjectives

Interrogative adjectives modify a noun that asks questions in a sentence. Common interrogative adjectives are whose, which, and what.

  • Whose beautiful house is this?
  • Which one is your office in the city?
  • What is your business in the UK?

Distributive Adjectives

Distributive adjectives show that each person performs the action separately. They tell us that the action is being performed equally by every person separately mentioned in the sentence. Common distributive adjectives are each, every, either, and neither.

  • Either she bought the dress or not.
  • They love each other a lot.
  • We help one another in difficult times.

By understanding and using these various types of adjectives, you can bring more detail and clarity to your descriptions and improve your English speaking and writing skills.

Adjective Definition and All Types with Examples | Learn English

Adjective Definition and All Types with Examples | Learn English

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About the author

Muhammad Waqas

Muhammad Waqas is a dedicated freelance writer and blogger specializing in creating engaging content for English learners. With a Master's degree in Applied Linguistics from COMSATS University Islamabad, Muhammad combines his academic expertise with practical teaching experience to help learners improve their English skills.

In addition to his writing, Muhammad has been conducting online English speaking courses worldwide, reaching students from diverse backgrounds and helping them achieve their language goals. His passion for the English language and commitment to education shine through in every article he writes, making complex concepts easy to understand and apply.

Whether you're just starting your English learning journey or looking to refine your skills, Muhammad's insightful posts and interactive courses offer valuable guidance and support. Connect with him to explore the boundless possibilities of mastering English.