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Active Voice and Passive Voice Rules, and Differences

Active Voice and Passive Voice Rules, and Differences
Active Voice and Passive Voice

Let’s talk about two important writing styles: active voice and passive voice. sometimes you want the one doing the action, to take the spotlight, and sometimes you want the focus on the person or thing affected by the action. That’s what active voice and passive voice do in sentences.

When we use active voice, the superhero (subject) is in charge and does the action. For example, “The chef cooked a tasty dish.” The chef is the superhero here. But when we switch to passive voice, it’s like the superhero steps back, and the spotlight is on the action’s result. So, “A tasty dish was cooked by the chef.” The dish becomes the star.

Understanding the rules of using active voice and passive voice helps you choose the best superhero for your sentence. Sometimes you want things direct and exciting (active), and other times you want a bit of mystery or focus on the result (passive). It’s like having two writing tools – you pick the one that fits your story best.

So, get ready to dive into the rules of these writing superheroes. Mastering them will make your writing clearer and more exciting! Stay tuned for the inside scoop on how to use them like a pro.

Active Voice and Passive Voice Rules, and Differences
Active Voice and Passive Voice

Active Voice:

Active voice is a writing style where the subject of a sentence practice brings clarity, directness, and a sense of immediacy to your writing. The basic structure follows the formula:
subject + verb + object.

Example 1:

The chef (subject) prepared (verb) a delicious meal (object) for the guests.

Example 2:

The team (subject) completed (verb) the project (object) ahead of schedule.

Rules for Active Voice:

Place the subject at the beginning of the sentence.

Incorrect: A delicious meal was prepared by the chef for the guests.

Correct: The chef prepared a delicious meal for the guests.

Use strong and specific verbs to convey action.

Incorrect: The presentation was given by Sarah.

Correct: Sarah delivered the presentation.

Keep sentences concise and to the point.

Incorrect: There is a need for improvements to be made by the team.

Correct: The team needs to make improvements.

Passive Voice:

Passive voice, on the other hand, is a construction where the object of the action becomes the subject of the sentence. While it has its place in writing, an overreliance on passive voice can lead to ambiguity and a lack of engagement.

Example 1:

A delicious meal (object) was prepared (verb) for the guests by the chef (agent).

Example 2:

The project (object) was completed (verb) ahead of schedule by the team (agent).

Rules for Passive Voice:

Place the object at the beginning of the sentence.

Incorrect: The guests were served a delicious meal by the chef.

Correct: A delicious meal was served to the guests by the chef.

Include the agent (doer of the action) when necessary for clarity.

Incorrect: The report was reviewed.

Correct: The manager reviewed the report.

Use passive voice selectively; opt for active voice when possible.

Incorrect: Mistakes were made by the team during the project.

Correct: The team made mistakes during the project.

Difference between the Active Voice and the Passive Voice

Active voice is a grammatical structure where the subject of a sentence performs the action, bringing clarity and directness to writing. In active voice sentences, the subject typically comes before the verb, and the action is explicitly performed by the subject. For instance, in the sentence “The cat (subject) chased (verb) the mouse (object),” the cat is the one performing the action. Active voice is generally preferred for its straightforwardness, making sentences more engaging and easy to understand.

Here are ten examples illustrating Active Voice:

  • The students (subject) conducted (verb) an experiment (object) in the laboratory.
  • The gardener (subject) planted (verb) colorful flowers (object) in the garden.
  • The author (subject) wrote (verb) a captivating novel (object) last year.
  • The company (subject) launched (verb) a new product (object) in the market.
  • The chef (subject) prepared (verb) a delicious meal (object) for the guests.
  • The athlete (subject) broke (verb) the world record (object) in the race.
  • The team (subject) won (verb) the championship (object) with exceptional teamwork.
  • The scientist (subject) discovered (verb) a new species (object) in the rainforest.
  • The volunteers (subject) cleaned (verb) up the beach (object) after the event.
  • The teacher (subject) explained (verb) complex concepts (object) to the students.

Passive Voice:

Passive voice is a grammatical construction where the object of an action becomes the subject of the sentence. While it can be useful in certain contexts, an overuse of passive voice may result in less engaging and more complex writing. In passive voice sentences, the subject often comes after the verb, and the focus shifts from the doer of the action to the recipient. For example, in the sentence “The cake (object) was baked (verb) by the baker,” the cake becomes the subject, and the emphasis is on the action rather than the baker.
Here are ten examples illustrating passive voice:

  • A new law (object) was enacted (verb) by the government last month.
  • The project (object) was completed (verb) ahead of schedule by the dedicated team.
  • The message (object) was conveyed (verb) to the audience by the speaker.
  • An award-winning film (object) was produced (verb) by the talented director.
  • The mistake (object) was acknowledged (verb) by the responsible party.
  • Important decisions (object) were made (verb) during the committee meeting.
  • The novel (object) was written (verb) by the acclaimed author.
  • The puzzle (object) was solved (verb) by the clever teenager.
  • A beautiful painting (object) was created (verb) by the talented artist.
  • The data (object) were analyzed (verb) by the skilled researcher.

Converting sentences from active voice to passive voice involves a change in the structure and, consequently, a shift in verb tenses.
Here are the rules to be followed when converting active voice sentences to passive voice, along with examples:

  1. Present Simple Tense:
    • Active: The chef cooks a delicious meal.
    • Passive: A delicious meal is cooked by the chef.
    • Active: The team solves problems efficiently.
    • Passive: Problems are solved efficiently by the team.
    • Active: The sun shines brightly in the morning.
    • Passive: Bright sunlight is shone in the morning.
  2. Past Simple Tense:
    • Active: The students finished their assignments.
    • Passive: Assignments were finished by the students.
    • Active: The teacher taught the lesson yesterday.
    • Passive: The lesson was taught by the teacher yesterday.
    • Active: The cat caught a mouse last night.
    • Passive: A mouse was caught by the cat last night.
  3. Future Simple Tense:
    • Active: The gardener will plant flowers tomorrow.
    • Passive: Flowers will be planted by the gardener tomorrow.
    • Active: The company will launch a new product next month.
    • Passive: A new product will be launched by the company next month.
    • Active: The team will finish the project by Friday.
    • Passive: The project will be finished by the team by Friday.
  4. Present Continuous Tense:
    • Active: The workers are constructing the building.
    • Passive: The building is being constructed by the workers.
    • Active: The chef is preparing a special dish.
    • Passive: A special dish is being prepared by the chef.
    • Active: The students are discussing the assignment.
    • Passive: The assignment is being discussed by the students.
  5. Past Continuous Tense:
    • Active: The mechanic was fixing the car.
    • Passive: The car was being fixed by the mechanic.
    • Active: The team was developing new software.
    • Passive: New software was being developed by the team.
    • Active: The children were playing in the park.
    • Passive: The park was being played in by the children.
  6. Future Continuous Tense:
    • Active: The workers will be constructing the bridge.
    • Passive: The bridge will be being constructed by the workers.
    • Active: The scientist will be researching new discoveries.
    • Passive: New discoveries will be being researched by the scientist.
    • Active: The chef will be preparing a special menu.
    • Passive: A special menu will be being prepared by the chef.

Active Voice and Passive Voice Examples

Active Voice:

  • The dog chased the ball.
  • The teacher explained the lesson.
  • The gardener planted beautiful flowers.
  • The kids are playing in the park.
  • The company launched a new product.
  • The chef prepared a delicious dessert.
  • The mechanic fixed the car.
  • The artist painted a stunning masterpiece.
  • The team won the championship.
  • The student asked a question.
  • The sunflowers are blooming in the garden.
  • The scientist discovered a new species.
  • The volunteers clean up the beach every weekend.
  • The actor performed a captivating monologue.
  • The engineer designed the new bridge.
  • The baby giggled at the funny noises.
  • The writer wrote a compelling novel.
  • The firefighters extinguished the blazing fire.
  • The athlete broke the world record.
  • The musician composed a beautiful melody.

Passive Voice:

  • The ball was chased by the dog.
  • The lesson was explained by the teacher.
  • Beautiful flowers were planted by the gardener.
  • The park is being played in by the kids.
  • A new product was launched by the company.
  • A delicious dessert was prepared by the chef.
  • The car was fixed by the mechanic.
  • A stunning masterpiece was painted by the artist.
  • The championship was won by the team.
  • A question was asked by the student.
  • The garden is filled with blooming sunflowers.
  • A new species was discovered by the scientist.
  • The beach is cleaned up every weekend by the volunteers.
  • A captivating monologue was performed by the actor.
  • The new bridge was designed by the engineer.
  • Funny noises were giggled at by the baby.
  • A compelling novel was written by the writer.
  • The blazing fire was extinguished by the firefighters.
  • The world record was broken by the athlete.
  • A beautiful melody was composed by the musician.

    Active Voice and Passive Voice Exercises

    Exercise 1:
    Identify Active and Passive Voice

    Determine whether the sentences below are in active or passive voice.

    1. The dog chased the ball.
    2. Cookies were baked by grandma.
    3. The concert will be held in the park.
    4. The news shocked everyone.
    5. A new movie is being released next month.

    Exercise 2:
    Convert to Passive Voice

    Rewrite the following sentences in the passive voice.

    1. She is reading an interesting book.
    2. The kids have eaten all the chocolate.
    3. Someone painted a beautiful mural on the wall.
    4. The team will finish the project by tomorrow.
    5. The teacher explained the lesson to the students.

    Exercise 3:
    Convert to Active Voice

    Change the given passive voice sentences into active voice.

    1. The novel was written by the famous author.
    2. The keys were found under the sofa.
    3. A special dish is being cooked by the chef.
    4. The document has been approved by the manager.
    5. The decision will be announced by the president.

    Exercise 4:
    Mix of Active and Passive Voice

    Compose a short paragraph (4-5 sentences) about a recent event or activity, using a mix of active and passive voice. Try to create a varied and engaging narrative.


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